Long Term Complications of Arthritis

Thursday 8 April 2021
Arthritis

Table of Contents


I. Arthritis Treatments

II. Long-term Arthritis Complications

a. Osteoarthritis

b. Rheumatoid arthritis

c. Psoriatic arthritis

III. How to Prevent Complications


Arthritis Treatments

In the United States, more than 50 million adults and 300,000 children have arthritis. But arthritis is not a single disease; it is an umbrella term used to describe several joint-related conditions. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis are some of the most common types. [1]

Arthritis is often associated with older people, but people of any age, sex, and race can develop arthritis. Because of its prevalence, arthritis is the leading cause of disability in the U.S. However, there is a reason arthritis is associated with older people; this condition often worsens with time and can lead to serious health complications. [1]

General symptoms of arthritis include swelling, stiffness, pain, and a limited range of motion in the joints. These symptoms can make everyday activities challenging, like walking up a flight of stairs. If you are diagnosed with arthritis, your treatment plan will address the specific arthritis type that affects you. Commonly prescribed medications for arthritis include Voltaren EmulgelMobic (meloxicam)Celebrex (celecoxib), and Medrol (methylprednisone). These drugs can reduce pain by reducing inflammation. [2]

jeans with the knees exposed

Long-term Arthritis Complications 

a. Osteoarthritis 

Osteoarthritis (OA) refers to cartilage wear and tear that can result in exposed nerve endings and bone pain. OA is the most common type of arthritis. It can occur following an injury and usually worsens with age. If you have OA, you will likely experience tender joints, loss of flexibility, and bone spurs. If left untreated, OA can lead to complications that significantly reduce your quality of life.

The chronic pain from OA can make you twice as likely to sustain an injury from a fall. In the long run, this risk of pain and injury can cause a person to lead an inactive life. OA pain can impede even basic exercises like walking. Being inactive can cause weight gain. Conversely, weight gain can worsen OA symptoms, starting a negative cycle. Weight gain can also increase the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. [3]

OA can also cause sleep disruption. This complication is often linked to the higher accident rate among OA patients. Painful, tender joints can prevent you from getting restorative sleep, intensifying your symptoms in the daytime and making you more accident-prone. [3]

b. Rheumatoid arthritis 

Like OA, Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can cause fairly severe joint symptoms. However, RA can affect more than your joints and cause damage to the eyes, lungs, and blood vessels. RA is more than wear and tear. If you have RA, joint swelling and inflammation will likely be the result of damage to your joint linings. Severe RA can affect many non-joint body parts, including:

  • Salivary glands
  • Nerve tissues
  • Bone marrow
  • Kidneys
  • Heart
  • Skin

three women, laughing

Statistically, RA affects more women than men and typically begins in middle age. Obesity and smoking can increase RA development. Rheumatoid arthritis can be difficult to treat, and it can lead to several debilitating conditions down the road. Below are some common RA complications:

  • Abnormal body composition: People who have RA often have a higher fat to lean mass proportion.
  • Dry eyes and mouth: RA is associated with Sjogren’s syndrome, characterized by a lack of moisture in the eyes and mouth.
  • Osteoporosis: RA and some RA medications can cause this condition in which the bones are weakened and prone to fracture.
  • Rheumatoid nodules: firm bumps of tissue that are typically found around pressure points like the elbows.
  • Infections: Both RA and RA drugs can weaken the immune system and make you susceptible to infections.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome: Inflammation in the wrists can damage nerves in the hands and fingers.
  • Heart problems: RA can cause hardened or blocked arteries around the heart.
  • Lung disease: RA can lead to inflammation, and consequently scarring, of the lung tissues.
  • Lymphoma: RA can increase the risk of this group of blood cancers related to the lymph system. [4]

c. Psoriatic arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a long-term condition that can affect you if you have a skin condition known as psoriasis. Symptoms of psoriatic arthritis usually include stiffened joints or pain from excessive swelling. It is very important to diagnose and treat this condition early. Untreated psoriatic arthritis can permanently deform joints and require. [5]

an x-ray of a hand doing the OK sign

If you have psoriatic arthritis, you may develop pinkeye (conjunctivitis) in the future. Pinkeye can cause reddened eyes and blurred vision. Another major long-term complication of psoriatic arthritis is the development of arthritis mutilans. This is a severe variation of psoriatic arthritis where the mutilans destroy the small bones in the hands and fingers. This can cause permanent disability. [6]

How to Prevent Complications 

These arthritis types can all lead to health complic­­­ations down the line, so it is important to get treatment as soon as possible. With the help of anti-inflammatories and corticosteroids like Voltaren EmulgelMobic (meloxicam)Celebrex (celecoxib), and Medrol (methylprednisone), you can better manage your arthritis condition and prevent the risk of exacerbations later on. If you are concerned with your condition, talk to your doctor today to determine the best treatment plan for you.

The content in this article is intended for informational purposes only. This website does not provide medical advice. In all circumstances, you should always seek the advice of your physician and/or other qualified health professionals(s) for drug, medical condition, or treatment advice. The content provided on this website is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.